|Group publication information|
|First appearance||New Teen Titans #21 (July 1982)|
|Created by||Marv Wolfman|
|Type of organisation||Team|
Vanessa Van Helsing
|Series publication information|
|Publication date||(vol. 1)|
August 1982 – September 1983
December 1996 – November 1997
May – November 2012
|Number of issues||vol. 1|
Brent Eric Anderson
Night Force is the name of three comic book series published by American company DC Comics. The first series, written by Marv Wolfman and illustrated by Gene Colan, debuted in a special insert in The New Teen Titans #21 (July 1982). The second series began in 1996 was one of four books that made up DC's Weirdoverse group of titles. The third series began in 2012 as a seven issue miniseries. It was again written by Marv Wolfman, this time with artist Tom Mandrake.
The main character of all three series is Baron Winters, a sorcerer who would assemble a team of chosen individuals to fight supernatural threats. The Baron himself did not participate in the missions and would manipulate, sometimes unethically, others to do so for him. This was because, for reasons not revealed, he could not leave Wintersgate Manor, the labyrinthine mansion in Washington, D.C. where he lived. The mansion was located in a special juncture of time and space, allowing him to send his team to different places and times.
The first Night Force series was launched in August 1982 in the midst of a collapse in the horror comics market, with most titles in the genre being either cancelled or on the verge of cancellation. Despite this, writer Marv Wolfman felt (and publisher DC Comics agreed) that Night Force could be a success:
Night Force was my idea, as I was looking for another book to do and felt I’d like to create my own horror title and push the boundaries a bit more than I had with Tomb of Dracula. I really wanted to try something different and thought I had solved the problem of doing an anthology series by doing it with continued characters. The idea was to write for the older audience, with darker and more realistic stories than had been done at that point.
Night Force was the first collaboration between Wolfman and Tomb of Dracula penciler Gene Colan since Wolfman convinced him to join the staff at DC. Both Wolfman and Colan did extensive creative design work for Night Force before working on the actual issues, with Wolfman charting out the characters' astrology and Colan doing multiple drafts of each character's visual design.
After only 14 issues, Night Force was cancelled due to an underestimating of the series's sales. Wolfman explained, "... DC wanted to have Night Force be one of the first direct-sales books, where I believed it should be newsstand only. I felt the comic shops appealed primarily to the superhero fans while Night Force would appeal more to the casual mainstream reader, who might not have bought comics otherwise. We got the comic-book shops' sales early and it was canceled based on those, but when the newsstand sales finally dribbled in we actually sold pretty well".
The team had a rotating membership, but notable members included:
- Vanessa Van Helsing – granddaughter of Abraham Van Helsing and a powerful psychic.
- Jack Gold – Vanessa's husband, a reporter.
- Donovan Caine – a professor of parapsychology who lost an arm and a leg on one of the missions.
- Zadok Grimm – apparently, an ancient warrior in the time of King David. He has an unexplained connection to Baron Winters.
In issue three of the Tangent: Superman's Reign series, a version of Night Force is featured. This group is a mystically-powered branch of the Nightwing organization, and its members are Hex, Black Orchid, and Wildcat.
In other media
- The character of Jasper Winters, mentioned in several episodes of Constantine, was loosely based on Baron Winters, although the look is modernized.
- Manning, Matthew K. (2010). "1980s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
[T]his issue...hid another dark secret: a sixteen-page preview comic featuring Marv Wolfman's newest team - Night Force. Chronicling the enterprise of the enigmatic Baron Winters and featuring the art of Gene Colan, Night Force spun out into an ongoing title of gothic mystery and horror the following month.
- Campbell, Josie (March 6, 2012). "Wolfman Revisits Baron Winters & "Night Force"". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
- Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Korte, Steve; Manning, Matt; Wiacek, Win; Wilson, Sven (2016). The DC Comics Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to the Characters of the DC Universe. DK Publishing. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-4654-5357-0.
- Markstein, Don. "Night Force". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
- Kingman, Jim (April 2008). "Forces of the Night, What Horrors they Faced: Marv Wolfman and Gene Colan's Night Force". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (27): 71–74.
- Burlingame, Russ (October 24, 2014). "Constantine Premiere Easter Eggs and DC Comics References". ComicBook. Retrieved December 27, 2018.